William Klein grew up as a Jewish boy in an area where anti-Semitism was common. He turned to art at a young age as a way to escape from his peers. After a brief spell in the US Army he moved to France and studied painting under Fernand Leger. Klein moved back to New York in the 1950s and started working as a photographer. He experimented with new techniques, which created unusual shading, odd angles, and other unconventional (for the time) elements and compositions on the finished images. Klein shot a number of fashion photographs for Vogue, but became disillusioned with fashion photography and went on to create a series that depicted the darker side of life in New York. When no one would publish the photos, he turned the images into the book New York. He later published the companion volumes Rome, Moscow, and Tokyo. Klein turned to film in the 1980s, creating the works Broadway By Light, Who Are You Polly Maggoo?, and The Messiah. Klein’s influence on contemporary photography and technique is hard to calculate, such has been his impact on the art form. A major retrospective of his entire career was staged at Tate Modern in 2014. Klein currently lives in Paris, France, where he continues to work.